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Análise Psicológica

versão impressa ISSN 0870-8231

Aná. Psicológica v.23 n.4 Lisboa out. 2005

 

Variables psicológicas, categorías deportivas y lesiones en futbolistas jóvenes: Un estudio correlacional

 

 

AURELIO OLMEDILLA ZAFRA (*)

MARIA DOLORES ANDREU ÁLVAREZ (**)

AMADOR BLAS REDONDO (**)

 

 

RESUMEN

Este trabajo muestra un estudio correlacional entre variables psicológicas y lesiones deportivas en diferentes categorías de competición del fútbol base. Se analiza la relación entre categoría de competición y variables psicológicas, entre categoría de competición y lesiones, y entre variables psicológicas y lesiones. El estudio se ha realizado en un club de fútbol base con 92 futbolistas entre 10 y 15 años. Los resultados del estudio indican que al aumentar de categoría de competición, aumenta el número de lesiones, aumenta la ansiedad, la percepción de éxito y la autoconfianza del futbolista del futbolista y disminuye su motivación. No aparecen diferencias significativas entre las variables psicológicas y las lesiones, aunque la percepción de éxito, cuando se introduce como covariante en un modelo ANCOVA entre categoría de competición y lesiones, aparece con una tendencia a la significación.

Palabras clave: Variables psicológicas, categoría competitiva, lesiones, jóvenes futbolistas.

 

 

ABSTRACT

This work shows a correlational search between psychological factors and sport injuries in different categories of competition in young football players. We ana-lyse the relation between category of competition and injuries, and between psychological factors and injuries. This search was carried out in a young football club with 92 players between 10 and 15 years old. The results reported that as higher is the category of competition, higher is the number of injuries, as well as anxiety, success perception and self-confidence of the football player, but lower is the motivation. We haven found significant differences between psychological factors and injuries, although success perception, introduced as a covariant in a ANCOVA method between category of competition and injuries, appears with a tendency to the signification.

Key words: Psychological factors, categories of competition, injuries, young football players.

 

 

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(*) Universidad Católica San Antonio (UCAM) de Murcia.

Dirección para correspondencia: Aurelio Olmedilla Zafra, Universidad Católica San Antonio, Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, de la Actividad Física y del De-porte, Campus de los Jerónimos, s/n., 30107 Guadalupe (Murcia), España. Correo electrónico: aolmedilla@pdi.ucam.edu

(**) Sociedad Murciana de Psicología de la Actividad Física y el Deporte.