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Análise Social

versão impressa ISSN 0003-2573

Anál. Social  n.186 Lisboa jan. 2008

 

Robert Dahl e o dilema da igualdade na democracia moderna

Jawdat Abu-El-Haj*

 

Este artigo analisa a evolução dos diálogos que Robert Dahl encetou com três das principais correntes da ciência política: a teoria da modernização, a teoria da escolha racional e a perspectiva da cultura política. Nas primeiras obras o autor considerava que a inclusão política era uma consequência do confronto entre situação e oposição. Nos seus últimos trabalhos, Dahl retornou às origens socialistas utópicas e inverteu a ordem de prioridades. A ameaça à democracia contemporânea já não deriva da concentração de poderes políticos numa só instância, mas sim da crescente desigualdade de condição que gera a resignação e o abandono da participação pública por parte dos cidadãos.

Palavras-chave: igualdade; contestação; cultura política; escolha racional; modernização.

 

 

This article analyzes the development of Robert Dahl's interrogations of the three main currents of political science: the theory of modernization, the theory of rational choice and the political culture approach. In his early work the author believed that political inclusion is the outcome of the opposition between situation and opposition. In his later work, Dahl returned to his utopian socialist origins and reversed the order of priorities. The threat to modern democracy no longer lies in the concentration of political power in one institution, but rather in the increasing inequality of condition, which produces resignation and leads citizens to give up participating in the political process.

Keywords: equality; dissent; political culture; rational choice; modernization.

 

 

Texto completo disponível apenas em PDF.

Full text only available in PDF format.

 

 

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* Universidade Federal do Ceará.