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Psicologia, Saúde & Doenças

Print version ISSN 1645-0086

Psic., Saúde & Doenças vol.5 no.2 Lisboa Nov. 2004

 

Auto-Mutilação em Meio Prisional: Avaliação das Perturbações da Personalidade

Alexandra Freches Duque*1 , Pedro Gante Neves2

1 Instituto Superior de Ciências da Saúde - Sul, Monte de Caparica, Portugal

2 Hospital Prisional São João de Deus, Caxias, Portugal

 

RESUMO: O comportamento de auto-mutilação representa um grande impacto para a vida do paciente que se mutila, contudo não é possível encontrar um consenso entre os autores no que diz respeito às causas do comportamento de auto-mutilação. Embora com características análogas, os comportamentos de auto-mutilação em meio prisional parecem revestir-se de particularidades resultantes das características do meio em que se encontram. O presente artigo descreve os resultados obtidos no estudo comparativo entre reclusos com história de comportamento de auto-mutilação (30 sujeitos) e reclusos sem história de auto-agressão (30 sujeitos), que pretendeu avaliar a importância das perturbações da personalidade na facilitação destes comportamentos. Assim, no presente estudo foram encontradas diferenças com significado estatístico para oito das vinte e duas escalas clínicas do MCMI-II. Alertando, desta forma, para a existência de uma relação facilitadora entre a existência de Perturbações da Personalidade como "Evitante", "Esquizotípica" e "Estado Limite" e o comportamento de auto-mutilação.

Palavras chave: Auto-mutilação, Perturbações da Personalidade, Reclusos.

 

 

Inmates' Self-Mutilation: Avaliation of Personality Disorders

ABSTRACT: Abstract- The self-mutilation behaviour assumes a great impact in the life of the patient, who self-mutilates himself; however, it is not possible to find a consensus among authors in what concerns the causes of self-mutilation behaviour. Although with similar characteristics, the self-mutilation behaviours, in a prison environment, seem to assume certain particularities, which are the consequence of the characteristics of the environment, in which they are. The present article describes the results reached in a comparative study among inmates with antecedents of self-mutilation behaviour (30 individuals) and prisoners having no antecedents of self-injury (30 individuals), that has had the aim to evaluate the importance of personality disorders for the facilitation of these behaviours. So, at present, there have been detected differences with statistic meaning for eight of the twenty two clinic scales of MCMI-II. This way, the results alert to the existence of a facilitator relationship between the existence of Personality Disorders, such as "Avoiding", "Schizothypic" and "Borderline" and the self-mutilation behaviour.

Key words: Inmates, Personality disorders, Self-mutilation, Self-injury.

 

Texto completo disponível apenas em PDF.

Full text only available in PDF format.

 

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* Contactar para E-mail: alexandra.duque@vizzavi.pt